Implications Of Budget 2021 On Small Businesses
The Union Budget for the fiscal year 2021-22 announced last week by the finance minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, has everyone discussing it and trying to comprehend how it is going to affect businesses and individual tax-payers alike.
It was the first digital budget ever and an important one, given that it came at a time when the country is still reeling from the effects of the global pandemic and trying to slowly creep back to normal. That is the reason why small businesses and industries affected by the pandemic were looking forward to the budget to see what measures were going to be announced for them to revive and recover.
Since we at deAsra are always committed to helping micro and small businesses to start, manage and grow, it is a given that we elaborate on the highlights of the budget, covering the implications it has on MSMEs, including the small businesses that are a part of deAsra’s growing community of entrepreneurs.
The budget covered reforms and announcements for the MSME sector which comprises of micro, small and medium enterprises. However, this sector itself is too vast and comprises of several industries and business domains too. But we will discuss the highlights of the budget having implications on the size of businesses that deAsra works with – micro businesses with an annual turnover typically between Rs 5 lacs and Rs 1 Cr, the “missing middle”, also called mass entrepreneurs, local businesses serving local communities.
What does Mass Entrepreneur mean?
These are the entrepreneurs who fill the gap between self-employed individuals and start-up owners. Mass entrepreneurs are the business owners who create employment for 5 to 20 individuals and use local inputs or solve local problems. It comprises of local businesses such as retail stores, coffee shops, packaged food businesses, beauty salons, fashion boutiques, etc, all of whom form deAsra’s community of entrepreneurs.
Highlights Of The Budget For Small Businesses
The highlights of the budget that impact mass entrepreneurs, included as MSMEs, are as follows-
- The main announcement of the budget pertaining to MSMEs is the doubling of the amount earmarked for the micro, small and medium enterprises to ₹15,700 crores for the financial year 2021-22, which is almost double the capital expenditure proposed last year for 2020-2021, which was ₹7,572 crore. This will enable more fund transfers to the different schemes administered or launched by the MSME ministry.
- Under the Standup India scheme, the margin money requirements have been relaxed from 25 per cent to 15 per cent. Also, the agri allied activities have been now considered eligible for funding under the Standup India scheme. Additionally, the Standup India scheme has been extended up to 2025.
- For OPC (One Person Company) formations, relaxations were announced, where previously in order to form an OPC the sole member or the nominee had to be a resident in India in the previous calendar year for 182 days. This has now been relaxed to 120 days. This move will enable NRIs to float OPCs in India. Also, the requirement of mandatory conversion of OPC into a private company after exceeding certain thresholds has been done away with, enabling the free growth of OPCs in India.
- There is also a revision in the definition of a Small Company. Currently for a company to be reckoned as a Small Company its paid-up share capital should not be more than Rs 50 Lakhs and turnover should not be more than Rs 2 crores. Now, these limits have been raised where the paid-up share capital threshold has been raised from Rs 50 Lakh to 2 crores and the turnover from Rs 2 Crores to 20 crores.
- The budget has also proposed to allocate ₹300 crores towards the establishment of new technology centres for MSME units.
- The budget also announced the creation of a special framework for MSMEs for debt resolution. Additionally, in order to resolve the debt resolution cases faster, the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) framework has also been strengthened including the implementation of the e-Courts system.
All these focal points of the budget directly impact mass entrepreneurs, micro and small businesses.
Industry And Experts Take On The Budget
Most of these budget announcements and proposals have been welcomed by the various small business sectors and industries. For instance, the announcements of NCLT framework being strengthened and implementation of e-courts system along with alternate methods of debt resolution and special framework for MSMEs have been appreciated as significant moves for the sector by the Coimbatore District Small Industries Association.
Similarly, the experts and mentors at deAsra also welcome the revisions and reforms suggested in the Union Budget for 2021-22, anticipating it to have a positive outcome on all the relevant sectors, including mass entrepreneurs and small and micro-businesses. The allocation of ₹15,700 has especially been celebrated as an effective move that will enable the transfer of funds to different schemes likely to be administered by the MSME ministry and the benefits of this move will manifest significantly in due course.
Presently only 11% of mass entrepreneurship has been able to contribute towards job-creation and make a significant change, as per the analysis conducted by Global Alliance for Mass Entrepreneurship (GAME). Hopefully, the earmarking of funds for MSMEs will give mass entrepreneurs the opportunity to create a deeper impact, thereby augmenting job creation and inching towards the global average of mass entrepreneurship of 30 to 40%.
Additionally, the relaxation of the OPC formation requirements too will enable the free growth of OPCs in India along with increased investment by NRIs in the country. The revised definition of small businesses will allow more small businesses to be covered under OPCs and will also provide previously hesitant new entrepreneurs with the much-needed impetus to register their business through the company form of organization.
Summing up, the Union Budget 2021-22 has much to offer to the small and micro-business sector and looks promising for mass entrepreneurship too.